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Risk factors of ischemic stroke in a group of

1,213 patients of the city of Recife

 

Fatores de risco de doença  cerebrovascular isquêmica

em um grupo de 1.213 pacientes da cidade  de Recife

 

 

Daniella Araújo de Oliveira, Ana Cláudia de Carvalho Vieira, Alex Caetano de Barros, Carlos Augusto Carvalho de Vasconcelos, Luciana Patrízia A. Andrade-Valença, Marcelo Moraes Valença* 

 

Unidade  Funcional de Neurologia  e Neurocirurgia,  Departamento de Neuropsiquiatria,  Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

 

.

AbstrAct

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the frequency of the risk factors for the ischemic stroke in a population of Recife. For that, 1,213 patients with the diagnosis  of ischemic stroke were studied. The risk factors found were: hypertension (82.4%), hyperlipidemia (78.5%), physical inactivity (48.4%), smoking (46.2%), alcoholism (36.7%),  cardiopathy  (36.4%),  diabetes  (31.8%) and  family history (31.8%).  There were statistic differences between  genders in the frequency of some of the risk factors studied: smoking (57.3% men vs. 34.1%  women; p<0.001) and alcoholism (51.1%  men vs. 21.3%  women;  p<0.0001), physical inactivity (42.7%  men vs. 54.6%  women;  p=0.001) and  hyperlipidemia (70.3%  men  vs. 84.6%  women;  p=0.003). There was  a significant correlation between  the degree  of carotid stenosis and  the patients age.  In conclusion, risk factors related to atheromatous disease  were very frequent in this studied population of ischemic stroke individuals and there are differences between  genders. keywoRds: risk factors, ischemic stroke, hypertension, atherosclerosis.

 

 

 

 

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